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Körperkultur. Body culture in Germany and USSR, 1910 – 1930-s 

In Germany in 1910-1930’s we see an explosion of body culture, mostly of naked body (Nacktkultur). Books and brochures devoted to the beauty of the body, accompanied by pictures of naked women and men performing solo dance, choral mass movement or various gymnastic exercises were published in large editions. This period is connected with the activity of many outstanding experimentalists in the field of gymnastics, rhythm plastic and modern dance as well as with active study of fixation of motion in painting and mainly in photography.